Situated south of Russia, with Turkey and Iran forming its other borders, the Caucasus region forms both a bulwark and a corridor between East and West. Weaving is an integral part of Caucasian culture. Kelims had many purposes – floor coverings, curtains, wall hangings, covers for seating areas and awnings for ox carts.
Distinctive geometric designs are a keynote of many types of Oriental rug made in the region between the Black and Caspian Seas. In the rugged mountainous area, known as the Caucasus, carpets were made by villagers using small looms. Each region has its own distinctive characteristics. Among the most famous and frequently seen Caucasian rugs are Kazaks, Shirvans and Soumacs.