Shrubs and grasses with yellow fall color include: Forestiera neomexicana Sorgastrum nutans (Indiangrass) Another group of pigments, called anthocyanins, is responsible for the pinks, reds and purples, which are present in maple trees, sumac bushes and the Virginia Creeper vine.
Other plants that have red fall foliage include: Rosa hugonis (Father Hugo Shrub Rose) Ribes odoratum ‘Crandall’ Rhus trilobata, R. aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ Viburnam lentego and other Viburnam species Panicum virgatum ‘Shenandoah’ (Prairie Switch grass) Schizachrium scoparium ‘Blaze’ (Little Bluestem grass) Oaks contain high quantities of tannin in the leaves which are responsible for the brown and beige colors.
Plan for Fall Flowers Many perennials bloom in the fall and should also be included in your garden. These include many plants with yellow flowers like Helianthus maximiliana (Maximilian Sunflower) and various Solidago cultivars (Golden rod). Red and pink flowered varieties include tall Sedums like S. sieboldii,, S. ‘Autumn Joy’, S. ‘Neon.’ Hummingbird mints like Agastache x ‘Ava’ and ‘Desert Sunrise’ are essential fall bloomers.
Orange flowered perennials like Zauschneria arizonica and Kniphofia caulescens are always welcome. Blue flowers are provided by Salvia pitcherii ‘Grandiflora’ and Salvia reptens. Purples are supplied by Aster ‘Purple Dome’ and ever-blooming Viola corsica. Ornamental grasses provide a wonderful textural element with attractive foliage and colorful plumes. Miscanthus ‘Silberfeder’ and Panicum ‘Dallas Blues’ are particularly showy. Don’t forget the various fall blooming Crocus. These little beauties are often overlooked but are perfect for planting into swatches of low groundcovers like Veronica ‘Heavenly Blue’ and Achillea ageratifolia (Greek Yarrow). These small naturalizing bulbs are planted in the fall and will spread to provide carpets of color in shades of pink, white and blue for many years to come.
Plan for Design When establishing fall plantings, keep in mind that many of the reds look good with the grayish perennials and ornamental grasses such as Stachys byzantina ‘Helen Von Stein’ (Lamb’s Ear) and Festuca glauca ‘Boulder Blue’ (Boulder Blue Fescue Grass). - A combination of coarse textures to the back of the garden and fine textures toward the front will make a visual statement, even if the colors are similar. - Perennial and annual grasses have a fine texture and still look great in the fall and into winter. - Coarse textured plants that still look great in the fall would include Sedum, Ornamental Cabbage or Kale, Bergenia, Hosta, Ligularia, and Gold or Purple Smokebush. - Tiger Eyes Sumac has a unique growing habit and a wispy texture. Its chartreuse summer color and orange/red fall color are equally noteworthy. Plan for Winter Interest - Flower heads from hydrangeas and plumes from grasses will peek through the snow in the winter serving as a memory of summer and reminder of warm weather to come. - Yellow and red-twigged dogwoods stand out against the snow. The twigs can also be used as a decorative filling for containers. The Variegated Dogwood also has red twigs that are visible in the winter. - The Autumn Magic Chokeberry will turn red in the fall and hold on to its small black berries throughout the winter. - Many varieties of Crabapple Trees also keep their fruit throughout the winter. For more Garden picture visit Autumn, Four Seasons garden Walsall