With influences from the surrounding Mediterranean region, Spanish interior design features a coastline inspired color palette of blues, greens, whites, and browns. The warmth of terracotta reds and oranges are other major players in Spanish color schemes due to the widespread use of terracotta tiles for flooring and roofs. The elements of stone and ceramics are very common in Spanish design along with pottery, wrought iron pieces, candle holders, and carved wooden panels. Metal accents of copper are also important to this style of design.
Wall finishes in Spanish interior design feature heavy texture made with stucco or plaster for interesting visual depth. Soft neutral glazes are often used in conjunction with these textured walls for more definition and color. Spanish wall décor usually includes rich woven tapestries and wrought iron grilles for a rustic, elegant touch. Accessories are kept to minimum with a tendency towards a few larger items displayed together like urns, vases, planters, and pots.
Spanish Colonial Style
In the southwestern states, the influence of early Spanish colonists combined with local Native American culture to create Spanish Colonial style. This is sometimes described as Mission style design due to the historic mission churches built in the region. Spanish Colonial architectural design is defined by courtyards, tile rooftops, arches, and smooth stucco walls. The surrounding southwestern landscape inspires a color palette of beige, deep yellow, red, purple, pink, and white.
The furniture and accessories in Spanish Colonial homes is made in a simple, down-to-earth style. Furniture pieces are typically made of solid woods such as oak and feature sturdy designs with little ornamentation. The square dowels are often left visible as part of the rustic design. Other familiar elements of Spanish Colonial homes include built-in wall benches, free-standing cabinets, and bell-shaped corner fireplaces. The earthy floors in this setting are usually tiles made from stone, rock, or ceramic. Some commonly seen Spanish Colonial accessories are pottery, metal accents, stained glass, and woven wall hangings. Images of saints which are carved in wood or painted are also popular in this style.
Spanish Revival Style
During the 1920′s, tourism to southern Spain inspired demand for Spanish architectural styles to be built in California where Spanish Revival homes began sprouting up. This new hybrid style incorporated classic Spanish elements like adobe bricks, stucco walls, terracotta roofs, wooden ceiling beams, shutters, and carved entry doors. One prominent feature was the liberal use of wrought iron for gates, railings, banisters, and window grilles.
Spanish Revival interiors were often stocked with original pieces direct from Spain or filled with commissioned furniture pieces from local artisans. Wooden furniture was typically made from oak or pine with interesting details like inlays, carvings, or painted finishes. The integration of leather and nail head trim created striking furniture pieces. The Spanish Revival period also lead to the manufacture of beautiful decorative tiles which followed the designs of Spanish Catalina tiles. These painted tiles have distinctive textures which combine matte and gloss finishes for stunning, colorful patterns.